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英語四六級考試寫作應急措施
文章來源: 瀏覽次數:0 更新時間:2008-03-31 17:11:06 網友評論 0 【字體:

  在四六級作文中,詞匯量不敷是影響成就的一個主要身分。一個意思每每因為一個單詞不會而表達不清,一個好的句子也會因為一個詞匯想不起來而不能完成。若何應付這種情形使作文順遂舉行下去?下面是三種精練易行的應急大概對你會有所輔佐。

  1、試用籠統詞

  英語說話中籠統詞有have, take 等,籠統詞的主要特點在于意義普遍,搭配性強,組成詞組后可以更換眾多詳細動詞。雖然不能切確表達一個舉措,卻能年夜致表達意思。在一些詳細動詞寫不出來的時辰,用這些籠統詞庖代,也能收到異曲同工的下場。

  比方:我履歷了一個極其艱辛的期間。

  I experienced a terrible hard time.

  這一句中,experience被忘記時,用have庖代,成為:I had a terrible hard time. 其下場及表達的意義決不亞于第一句。這樣的例子還良多。如:

  Do you understand my meaning, sir? = Do you take my meaning, sir?

  I will preside over the meeting. = I will take the meeting.

  I will subscribe to the local newspaper. = I will take the local newspaper.

  They occupied the city. = They took the city.

  The boy resembles his father. = The boy takes after his father.

  從以上的例句不丟臉出,詳細詞音節較多,使用頻率不高,方便忘記,而籠統詞則否則。是以,在作文應試中,籠統詞庖代詳細詞,不失蹤為一種應急善策。

  2、遐想有關詞匯

  當忘記發生時,或碰著不曾學過的詞時,應采納放射性頭腦,闡揚想象力,想出統統與之有關的單詞,操作說話的內在接洽,多條理,多角度地運用說話。一樣尋常情形下,遐想可按下列思緒舉行:1遐想同義詞;2遐想反義詞。

  英語說話中眾多的同義詞在良多情形下是可以通用的。操作這一紀律,因為某個單詞受阻而影響全篇寫作的情形便不會呈現。試看下列句子:

  I had a nightmare last night. = I had a bad dream last night.

  Nightmare 使用頻率不太高,是以不太好記。而其同義詞bad dream 卻很方便記。往后者庖代前者涓滴不影響原句的意義。再好比:I don‘t understand this word. 也可以說成 I don’t know this word.

  此外:

  He is stupid. = He is foolish. = He is a fool. = He is silly.

  The food is delicious. = The food is tasty. = The food is nice to eat.

  They discontinued the work at five. = They stopped the work at five.

  His temper is nasty. = His temper is terrible. = He has a bad temper.

  英語說話中詞與詞之間是有接洽的,詞與詞之間語義的“共核”征象即所謂的同義詞。豐碩的同義詞給我們供應了極年夜的便利。

  同樣,用其反義詞來庖代某一忘記了的詞也是可行的,請看下面的例子:

  He is stubborn. = He is not tame.

  The knife is blunt. = The knife is not sharp.

  This is expensive. = This is not cheap.

  She is talkative. = She is never quiet.

  3、試用詮釋性語句

  說話的成果在于表達,而表達的體例是多種多樣的。當一個詞影響到??以雷同。英語傍邊多成果詮釋性語句,就可以起到這一浸染。請看下面的句子:

  He is a dumb. = He is a person who can not speak.

  He refused. = He said “no”.

  I‘ve never seen such a stubborn person. = I’ve never seen such a person who never listens to other‘s advice.

  詮釋性語句能輔佐我們奇妙地避開一些年夜詞,難詞,又能使意思表達流利,不失蹤為一聰明之舉。斗勁下面兩篇文章:

  (1)

  Examination is a common headache to students all over the world. They all detest is, but all being domineered by it. It represents a trial; the grade its verdict.

  Nowadays, examination has become a popular form of testing. It almost can dominate one‘s future. I am not exaggerating; for you all know it is true. If we want to obtain a diploma, we must first pass the exams. If we do not have a diploma, we may not find a job easily. That is the reason why all students are nervous and pale when they are sitting for an important examination which may concern their future.

  But as long as examination is on its peak of power, we must be philosophical of it. Do not always think of the harm that it brings, but think of the good it may do to us. If we do not have exams, we may indulge ourselves in other things instead of books. Exams have to always drive us on. What is wrong for learning more and thoroughly?

  (2)

  Examination is a common headache to students all over the world. They all dislike it (hate it), but all being ruled by it. It is a trial; the grade its decision.

  Nowadays, examination has become a popular form of testing. It almost can control one‘s future. I am telling the truth, for you all know it is true. If we want to get a graduation paper, we may not find a job easily. That is the reason why all students are nervous and pale when they are sitting for an important examination which may have something to do with their future.

  But as long as examination is on its highest point of power, we must have a calm attitude to it. Do not always think of the harm that it brings, but think of the good it may do to us. If we do not have exams, we may spend our time on other things instead of books. Exams have to always drive us on. What is wrong for learning more and deeply?

  斗勁兩篇文章,第一篇短小精壯,用詞切確,不失蹤為一篇優異作文。而第二篇全篇采取最通俗的詞匯,意思同樣明白,也不失蹤得體,流利。

  四六級作文的評分尺度一樣尋常著重于能明白地表達意義,段落,條理有體系性,語法精確,而并不外分強挪用詞的切確度。是以作文應試的體例應該是快捷、明白、流利。以是,就而言,碰著難詞或忘記詞時,過度地把時刻花在“鉆牛角尖”上是不明智的,而應該采納矯捷的頭腦體例、迂回的戰術,運用大略、易記的詞匯及表達體例,從而能夠運用有限的詞匯作出美好的文章,輕松自若地掌握說話,掌握機緣,以聰明戰勝缺陷,以機警工致戰勝學究式的拙笨,以少勝多,最年夜限度地闡揚自己的潛能。


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